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March 31, 2012

Mount Ciremai National Park

West Java is known as one of Indonesia tourist destination which offer many tourism object, spread on several city and regency. One of tourism object in West Java is natural tourism type. Mount Ciremai National Park is one of them.

Mount Ciremai National Park, known as TNGC or Taman Nasional Gunung Ciremai ( Indonesian ),  is a nature conservation area which functioned to protect living resources and the environment in the region of Mount Ciremai. This place formerly was Protected Forest, but then officially declared as the national park since October 19th 2004 through Forestry Ministry Decree of Indonesia no. 424/Menhut-II/2004.

Mount Ciremai National Park location is belong to Kuningan regency ( 8.931,27 ha ) and Majalengka regency ( 6.927,9 ha ). It has unique topography,  64% undulating, 22% steep, mountainous and had highest peak at an altitude of 3078 above the sea level.  This national park had three protrusions extending similar promontory in the north, west and south-west.

Mount Ciremai National Park is very rich with flora and fauna. Forest in the lowland ( below 1.000 m ), tourist will find it as the home for tusam plantations and several other species of timber trees. While the highland of the forest, at an altitude of 1.000 m is protected forest. Based on the condition of climate, forests of the national park can be distinguished on wet upland forests in the south ( Cigugur and surrounding areas ) and the upland forest in the dry northern ( Setianegara and surrounding areas ).

Forest surrounding Cigugur is very rich with many kind of trees species. At least you can find the types of Saninten ( Castanopsis Argentea, C. Javanica, C. Tungurrut ) and Pasang ( Lithocarpus Elegans and L. Sundaicus ), Mara ( Macaranga Denticulata ), Kareumbi ( Omalanthus Populneus ), etc. Otherwise, Setianegara area is dominated with other types of civil or medang ( Litsea spp. ), Saninten ( C. Argentea and C. Javanica ), Mara ( Macaranga Tanarius ), Mareme ( Clochidin sp. ), Bingbin ( Pinanga Javana ) and Mountain Pandanus ( Pandanus sp. ).

Mount Ciremai National Park is important place for animal or wildlife in West Java, especially bird. There are several endemic bird which preserve here. Some of bird which had vulnerable status also preserve here, such as Celepuk Jawa Bird/ Plop Java Bird ( Otus Angelinae ) and Ciung-Mungkal Java ( Cochoa Azurea ). Mount Ciremai National Park also had at least 18 other species of birds with the status of limited spread ( restricted area bird ) such as Java Quail-Bark ( Arborophila Javanica ), Head Violet Walik ( Ptilinopolus Porphyreus ), Takur Batutut ( Megalaima Corvina ), Java Opior ( Lophozosterops Javanicus ) and Malay Walnuts ( Serinus Estherae ).

Here are several collection of mammals preserve on Mount Ciremai National Park : Macan Tutul ( Panthera Pardus ), Surili ( Presbytis Comata ), Lutung Budeng ( Trachypithecus Auratus ), etc.

Reference : Wikipedia


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